The Craniosacral System is a recently discovered physiological system. It is a semiclosed hydraulic system contained within a tough waterproof membrane (the Dura Mater) which envelops the brain and the spinal cord. An important function of this system is the production, circulation and reabsorption of Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF). CSF is produced with the Craniosacral System and maintains the physiological environment in which your brain and nerve system develop, live and function.
Normally, the production and reabsorption of CSF within the Dura Mater produces a
continuous rise and fall of fluid pressure within the Craniosacral System. The semi-closed hydraulic system expands and contracts to some extent with this rhythmical pressure fluctuation. This volumetric accommodation prevents pressure from building up too much within the Craniosacral System. If for some reason your body is unable to
accommodate these pressure changes, the subsequent buildup of pressure can contribute to dysfunction and ill health, especially in the Central Nervous System which is enclosed within the boundaries of the Craniosacral System.
Key concepts of Dr. Still who is the founder of Osteopathy and influence Osteopathy and current-day CranioSacral Therapy. Dr. Still concepts as identified by Dr. Upledger are:
1. The body functions as a dynamic unit.
2. Structure and function are interrelated.
3. The body has a self-regulating system which tends toward homeostasis.
4. Drugs may be harmful.
Craniosacral therapy (CST) was finally developed in the 1970s by John Upledger, a doctor of osteopathy, as a form of cranial osteopathy. It use a gentle touch to manipulate the joints in the cranium or skull, parts of the pelvis, and the spine to treat disease.
CST is a non-invasive, hands-on therapy that aims to enhance the body’s own healing capabilities. This light touch is to affect the pressure and circulation of cerebrospinal fluid, which is the fluid around the brain and spinal cord. This process is thought to relieve pain and dysfunction.
CST can be carried out as a standalone treatment or used in conjunction with medical or other alternative therapies.
CST has been used to treat a variety of conditions, both physical and psychological.
The following disorders are as suitable for treatment with CST:
• Alzheimer’s disease
• back pain
• brain injury
• central nervous system disorders
• chronic fatigue
• immune disorders
• learning disabilities
• neck pain
• post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
• spinal cord injury